Knowing what to do during an earthquake is as important as being prepared for one. In your home, the experts recommend having a working carbon monoxide detector, smoke alarm, fire extinguisher and well-stocked first aid kit.

If you live in an apartment, or if you’re staying in a hotel, know where the fire alarms and at least two emergency exits are located.

A fire extinguisher should be located on every level of your home, including one in your kitchen. More importantly, everyone in your home should know where to find the fire extinguishers and all capable adults and older children should know how to use it.

Older children and adults should also know how to turn off your home’s water, electricity and gas. Make large, easy-to-see signs for water and gas shut-offs as well as for the electrical panel.

Teach children how and when to dial 9-1-1 as well as how to call the designated out-of-town contact.

If an earthquake strikes, wherever you are, take cover immediately and stay there until the shaking stops.

If you’re indoors: “DROP, COVER & HOLD ON”

• Stay inside.

Drop under heavy furniture such as a table, desk, bed or any solid furniture.

Cover your head and torso to prevent being hit by falling objects.

Hold on to the object that you’re under. Be prepared to move with the object, until the shaking stops.

• If you can’t get under something strong, or if you’re in a hallway, flatten yourself or crouch against an interior wall and protect your head and neck with your arms.

• If you’re in a shopping mall, go into the nearest store. Stay away from windows and shelves with heavy objects.

• If you’re at school, get under a desk or table and hold on. Face away from windows.

• If you’re in a wheelchair, lock the wheels and protect the back of your head and neck.

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